ONE HEALTH

inasa change

Evidence regarding the relationship between animals and Ebola spurred a national challenge in Guinea-Bissau

  • In a collaborative effort, a multidisciplinary debate on the matter was launched, which would be a reflection on animal health and human health, " the Zoonoses.”

  • A meeting between the Human Health professionals, Animal Health professionals, Environmental specialists and Universities.

  • The number of organizations who, not only were present in the debate, but also shown interest to integrate the organization of the event, was remarkable.

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“One Health” appeared during the seminar, not only as an operational concept, but also as a paradigm of prevention and measures related to zoonoses.

The adherence showed that “zoonoses” is a very limited term for the multidisciplinary and the plurality of the actors involved.

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Conclusions from the conference:

Risk factors for the evolution of the ecosystems and increase of zoonoses in Guinea-Bissau are:

  • Deforestation for timber exploitation;

  • Agriculture extensification ;

  • Destruction of natural habitats;

  • Migration of animals to human settlements, etc.

  • Human migration to periphery of forests

  • Increased human penetration into forests

  • The increase in proximity human/animal increase the incidence of zoonoses;

  • Human action and migratory movements of the animals are responsible for the large-scale spread of zoonoses;

  • The need of a better understanding of the concept “One Health" .

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Recommendations:

  • Create a scientific synergies involving INASA, the National Institute of Studies and Research (INEP), the Livestock General Direction (DGP), Environment General Direction (DGA), the Institute of Biodiversity and Protected Areas (IBAP), Universities, General Direction of Forests and Fauna (DGFF), the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC), IUCN, and other interested entities;

  • Promote the creation of an observatory to monitor the interaction health/biodiversity and climate change;

  • Identify and map all the areas in zoonotic risk;

  • Better integration of the environmental aspects in public policies and programs in particular in health policies;

  • Promote related multidisciplinary studies;

  • Inform, educate and raise public awareness in general and rural communities in particular, about the dangers of zoonoses;

  • Promote and institutionalize the National day of “One Health";

  • Disseminate the messages in the decision makers sectors, universities, opinion leaders, etc.

Actions:

Vaccination campaign against rabies disease, August-September 2015: All stakeholders were involved.

  • Institutionalize a multi-disciplinary committee;

  • Organize the next reflection within a year, together with the regional leaders;

  • Livestock GD, INASA, Environmental GD and NGOs, responsible to disseminate the messages in different regions.

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